Chronic illness of nearly a hundred years of Kuomintang can get rid of-govos

Can the Kuomintang’s chronic illness be cured in the past hundred years? The issue of Wen Hanzhu’s Kuomintang was not Ma Ying-Jeou’s individual problem, but the nature of the Kuomintang’s power and power. From the mid 20s of the last century to the present, from the mainland to Taiwan, the KMT has always been an elite political party divorced from the public. In 1919, Sun Zhongshan reorganized the Chinese revolutionary party into the Chinese kuomintang. From 1919 to 1927, the Kuomintang was a revolutionary party whose responsibility was to realize the founding of the modern state. Especially in 1924, with the help of the Communist Party of China, the Kuomintang reorganized and realized the cooperation between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party. The Kuomintang and the Communist Party jointly launched the peasant movement and the Northern Expedition revolution. However, the nature of the KMT changed fundamentally in 1927. Jiang Jieshi launched the 412 coup in 1927, Kuomintang massacred Communists, from a revolutionary party to the masses of workers and peasants evolved into a rival party bigwigs, with the twentieth Century China social revolution trend of history is of course a draw further apart, the failure of the road. Some people then summarize why Kuomintang would be expelled from the mainland attributed to the "Xi’an incident" let the breath to be expanding, attributed to aid to the Soviet union. In fact, these are external and accidental factors. Without these factors, the defeat of the Kuomintang in mainland China is still inevitable. The failure of Kuomintang in the mainland is only one reason, this is the public attitude for or against. The superior, standing in the vast majority of the laboring masses on the opposite side, finally because of the laboring masses is an unjust cause finds scant support from the Communist Party on behalf of, is a historical necessity. There is no doubt that the KMT defeat to Taiwan has really done a lot for social and economic development of Taiwan, such as land reform, the establishment of export processing zone and Science Park, 9 years of compulsory education, the construction of the port and highway construction, "ten building". From 1953 to 1989 in 30 years, the average annual economic growth rate reached 8.9%. In 1979, Taiwan and Hongkong, South Korea, Singapore and other international economic organizations included in the new industrialized society, known as "Asia’s four dragons" one. By 2000, the economic scale of Taiwan exceeded 300 billion US dollars, and the import and export volume of foreign trade both exceeded 140 billion US dollars, amounting to 280 billion US dollars, and the foreign exchange reserves amounted to 106 billion 700 million US dollars. But Taiwan’s economic take-off has many external factors, especially the United States factors, not all the KMT’s ruling achievements. During the Vietnam War, Taiwan was the base of a large number of military supplies. More than 1000 US troops needed to be processed and supplied directly to vietnam. In 1951-1965 years, Taiwan received US $1 billion 482 million in aid. For Taiwan’s economic development, Yin Zhongrong, who is called the father of Taiwan’s economic development, said something objectively: "don’t forget that we receive about $100 million a year in us aid. Without the aid of the United States, only by our own economic forces, we can not reach the current level. In other words, our growth rate does not depend entirely on the growth forces within our economy". Later)

国民党近百年的痼疾能改掉吗?   文 寒竹   国民党的问题并不是马英九个人的问题,而是国民党的权贵性质问题。国民党从上个世纪二十年代中期起到今天,从大陆到台湾,在本质上一直是一个脱离社会大众的权贵型政党。   1919年,孙中山把中华革命党改组为中国国民党。从1919年到1927年,国民党是一个以实现现代建国为己任的革命党。特别是在1924年,在中国共产党的帮助下,国民党再次改组,实现了国共合作,国共两党共同发动了农民运动和北伐革命。但是国民党的性质在1927年发生了根本性的转变。蒋介石在1927年发动四一二政变,大肆屠杀共产党人,国民党从一个革命党演变为一个跟工农大众相敌对的权贵政党,这跟二十世纪中国社会革命建国的历史潮流背道而驰,当然是一条失败之路。   一些国民党人后来总结为什么会被逐出大陆时把原因归结为“西安事变”让中共缓过气来而得以坐大,归结为苏联对中共的援助等。其实,这些都是外在的、偶然的因素,没有这些因素,国民党在中国大陆的失败仍是不可避免。国民党在大陆的失败只有一个原因,这就是人心向背。国民党高高在上,站在绝大多数劳工大众的对立面,最后因为失道寡助而被代表劳工大众的共产党逐出大陆是历史的必然。   毫无疑问,国民党战败退到台湾后确实做了很多有利于台湾社会经济发展的事情,比如进行土地改革、建立加工出口区和科学园区,普及9年义务教育,修建港口和公路,修建“十大建筑”等。从1953年到1989年的三十几年间,台湾经济年均增长率达8.9%。1979年,台湾地区与香港、韩国、新加坡等被国际经济组织列入新兴工业化社会,被世人称为“亚洲四小龙”之一。到2000年,台湾经济规模突破3000亿美元,对外贸易进出口额双双突破1400亿美元,总额达2800亿美元,外汇储备达1067亿美元。   但台湾的经济起飞有很多外部因素,特别是美国的因素,并非都是国民党执政的功绩。越南战争期间,台湾是美军大量军需品的转运基地,大约有1000多种美军需品在台加工直接供应在越美军。从1951-1965年,台湾接受美援总数达14亿8200万美元。对于台湾的经济发展,被称为台湾经济发展之父的尹仲容讲的一段话很客观:“不要忘记了我们每年接受了约1亿美元的美援。假如没有这笔美援,仅凭我们自己的经济力量,还不能达到目前的水准。换句话说,我们的成长率不是全凭我们经济内部的成长力量所产生的”。后来的历史证明尹仲容对台湾经济的结论是有道理的。冷战结束后,台湾经济每况越下。如今台湾的经济总量尚不到江苏省的一半。   有必要指出,两蒋时代台湾的经济起飞并未改变国民党的权贵性质。蒋介石到了台湾后反省国民党在大陆的失败,励精图治,重新改造国民党。但由于蒋介石本身是国民党权贵的最大代表,他的改革只是巩固了国民党对台湾在经济、政治和军事上的控制,而没有革除国民党的权贵色彩。此外,蒋介石主政台湾时实行的“白色恐怖”,使得台湾的统治者与社会民众处于尖锐的对立状态,这种社会怨恨在蒋经国去世后开始爆发出来,并在李登辉的恶意引导下走向“台独”。很多人忽略了,台湾的“台独”势力形成实际上有两个重要推手,一个是日据时代遗留下来的皇民竭力鼓动台湾社会“去中国化”,宣传“台独”意识,另一个就是国民党当年的白色恐怖统治和今天国民党的权贵政治为丛驱雀、为渊驱鱼,从反面促进了台独势力的成长。   权贵政治是国民党近百年来一直没有除掉的痼疾。国民党经过两蒋时代的独裁统治,经过“台独”李登辉的折腾,再经过马英九8年的庸政,如今这个党暮气沉沉,派系纷争,现在能否脱胎换骨改掉其权贵政治生态,实在难以乐观。对今天的国民党来说,如果不改革继续走老路,只有在台湾社会边缘化,最终将淡出台湾政坛;如果进行彻底改革,无论是洪秀柱还是黄敏惠当选国民党主席,国民党都可能再度面临分裂的危险。如果分裂不可避免,那么国民党能不能在分裂之后脱胎换骨、浴火重生?这个问题还得拭目以待。   不过,对于中国大陆来说,对国民党的期望其实不用太高。台湾这几十年没有走向“独立”并不是因为国民党在台湾主张一个中国,而是因为中国共产党给台湾的“台独”势力划出了不允许其逾越的底线。只要共产党还在大陆执政,无论是谁在台湾掌权,都不可能把台湾从中国独立出去。从历史上看,国民党就是一个权贵色彩浓厚、不接地气的政党。大陆民众对它之所以还有一点好感是因为这个政党还在台湾坚持一中各表,还在反对“台独”。   但是,从现实效果看,主张一个中国,反对台湾独立的政党必须要脚踏实地为社会大众做实事,要解决社会的民生问题,这样才能得到民众的信任,这样主张的一个中国才有积极意义。如果一个政党在台湾的内政问题上搞得怨声载道,众叛亲离,只是把两岸关系政策当做自己的政治护身符,这实际上是瓦解一个中国的毒药,对中国的统一并不有利,“台独”势力在过去二十多年来的发展已经证明了这一点。国民党如果真正是主张国家的统一,就应当改掉近百年来的权贵政治痼疾,放下身段,实实在在地为台湾社会做实事,取得社会大众的理解和信任。 国民党历任党主席 图说国民党百年分裂史   (声明:本文仅代表作者观点,不代表新浪网立场。)相关的主题文章: